May 25, 2015
Have you ever wondered how our language is built? Far more than merely understanding languages, a real linguist is actually a professional who specializes in the study of languages and related aspects such as their historical evolution and internal structure.
Linguistics as a discipline has been around less than two centuries, although all kinds of rhetoric and language studies were being made more than 2,500 years ago. At the end of the 18th century it was discovered that many European and Asian languages descended from a common language, which we now call Proto-Indo-European. Linguistics studies have evolved since then and the field has grown and developed even more knowledge. One of the pioneer in the field of Linguistics research is Ferdinand de Saussure. Dr. Saussure’s work was a precursor of modern Linguistics at the end of the 19th century.
Mixed sources give shape to linguistics
Lexicons and grammatical structures of individual languages as well as the history and use of languages are included in the study of Linguistics. There are lots of systemic research about human language in the field of linguistics and this area covers many interesting and curious areas about how we use language.
Linguistics can be involved with all kinds of human language since this is a universal and recognizable element of basic human experience, and obviously is one of the most important elements of human life as we know it today. Having an effective language is one of the most significant human abilities that humans have ever developed over the course of the entire evolution of human beings.
The branches of Linguistics
Linguistics can be divided into several branches.
Phonetics is the study of the sound of the language, including the current form of acoustic wave. There are even studies of the methodical disruptions of the air molecules when someone speaks.
Phonology is the study of waveform that actually make the sonic flow including vowels, syllables, and words Morphology is essentially the study of words and sounds built from the phonological elements. For example, a name being a noun and an action being a verb is all part of this particular field of study.
Syntax is the study of the arrangement of elements of language into phrases and sentences. This includes the combinations of nouns, verbs and other elements of the language.
Semantics studies the entire thought or message that is conveyed by a particular sentence. Semantics also checks to see if the message conveyed is actually a true one.
These are many branches of research that active areas of current research in the field of Linguistics. For example, research projects are being made into deeper extensions of linguistics such as applied linguistics, Neurolinguistics, linguistic anthropology, among others. All of these fields and others are in constant development through research.